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Ash Wednesday

A guide to Ash Wednesday and Lent

As Christians around the world prepare for the season of Lent, they often begin with Ash Wednesday, which marks the beginning of a forty-day period of reflection, sacrifice, and repentance. This year, Ash Wednesday falls on March 1, 2023. If you’re new to this holy day and the season that follows, this guide will help you understand what it’s all about and how you can participate in this spiritual journey.

What is Ash Wednesday?

Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day that marks the start of Lent, a period of fasting, prayer, and self-examination leading up to Easter. The name comes from the practice of placing ashes on the forehead in the shape of a cross as a symbol of mortality and repentance.

The ashes used on Ash Wednesday are typically made by burning palm fronds from the previous year’s Palm Sunday, which commemorates Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem. The priest or minister then marks the forehead of each participant with the sign of the cross and recites the words, “Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return” (Genesis 3:19).

What is the significance of Ash Wednesday?

Ash Wednesday reminds us of our mortality and our need for repentance and forgiveness. It’s a time to reflect on our lives and our relationship with God, to confess our sins, and to seek God’s mercy and grace. The ashes on our foreheads symbolize both our sorrow for sin and our hope for salvation through Christ’s death and resurrection.

What is Lent?

Lent is a period of forty days (excluding Sundays) leading up to Easter. It is a time for Christians to reflect on Christ’s sacrifice and to prepare their hearts for the celebration of his resurrection.

The forty-day period of Lent has a biblical basis, as Jesus himself fasted and prayed for forty days in the wilderness before beginning his public ministry (Matthew 4:1-2). Many Christians choose to give up something during Lent, such as a favorite food or activity, as a form of self-discipline and spiritual preparation.

How do Christians observe Lent?

There are many ways to observe Lent, but some common practices include:


Fasting involves giving up food or drink for a period of time as a form of self-discipline and spiritual discipline. Some Christians choose to fast for the entire forty days of Lent, while others may fast on certain days or from certain foods.


Prayer is an essential part of Lenten observance, as it allows us to draw closer to God and seek his guidance and grace. Many Christians choose to attend daily Mass or spend time in personal prayer and meditation during Lent.


Almsgiving involves giving to those in need as an act of charity and compassion. Many Christians choose to donate money or time to charitable organizations or volunteer in their community during Lent.


Confession is an important part of Lenten observance, as it allows us to acknowledge our sins and seek forgiveness. Many Christians choose to go to confession during Lent as a way to prepare for Easter and to receive God’s grace and mercy.

How can I participate in Ash Wednesday and Lent?

If you’re new to Ash Wednesday and Lent, there are several ways you can participate:

Attend a church service

Many churches offer Ash Wednesday services where you can receive ashes and participate in a time of prayer and reflection. Check with your local church to find out about their Ash Wednesday and Lenten observances.

Give something up

Consider giving up something during Lent as a form of self-discipline and spiritual preparation. It could be a favorite food, social media, or another activity that you enjoy### Engage in acts of service

Use the season of Lent as an opportunity to serve others. Look for ways to volunteer in your community, donate to charitable organizations, or reach out to those who are in need.

Read the Bible

Spend time reading the Bible and reflecting on its teachings during Lent. You can follow a daily devotional or choose a specific book or passage to focus on.

Practice self-reflection

Take time to reflect on your life and your relationship with God. Use this time to examine your heart, confess your sins, and seek God’s forgiveness.

Attend Lenten retreats or workshops

Many churches offer Lenten retreats or workshops that provide opportunities for spiritual growth and reflection. Consider attending one of these events to deepen your faith and connect with others.


Ash Wednesday and Lent provide a special time for Christians to reflect on their relationship with God, seek forgiveness, and prepare their hearts for the celebration of Easter. Whether you choose to attend a church service, give something up, engage in acts of service, or simply spend time in prayer and reflection, there are many ways to participate in this holy season. By embracing the practices of Ash Wednesday and Lent, you can grow closer to God and experience the joy of his grace and mercy.

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